The walls of your lower rectum and anus have smooth muscles that are lined with blood vessels called hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids or piles also refer to the condition where these blood vessels swell and cause pain, itchiness, and discomfort in the anal area. Read on to find out how to cure hemorrhoids at home fast and live a life free of irritation and discomfort.
There are two main types of hemorrhoids; internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids are found inside the rectum while external hemorrhoids are found just under the skin around your anus. Another type is a thrombosed hemorrhoid which forms when blood pools in an external hemorrhoid and causes a blood clot. It is very painful and it may burst and bleed.
What Do Hemorrhoids Look Like?
If you are suspecting that you have them and are wondering what hemorrhoids look like, here are some pointers to help you out.
Only external hemorrhoids can be seen and felt since they are found outside or around the anus. Internal hemorrhoids are inside the rectum and require specialized equipment such as an anoscope to be seen. It’s best to have this done during an exam at the doctor’s office. However, in some cases, an internal hemorrhoid may be pushed out from the rectum to protrude outside the anus so it will be seen.
An external hemorrhoid and a prolapsed hemorrhoid appear as rubbery lumps that are reddish. However, a thrombosed hemorrhoid is dark bluish or purple in color because of the blood inside it. Quite frequently, not just one hemorrhoid appears at once but several.
What are Hemorrhoids Causes?
The swelling or distending of the blood vessels in the rectum and anus occurs when blood pools in them due to increased pressure. Understanding what leads to the swelling of blood vessels will help you know what are hemorrhoids causes. The factors that lead to increased pressure on these blood vessels include:
When you strain during bowel movements, it puts pressure on the blood vessels in the rectum and the anus, so the smooth flow of blood is hindered. Constipation results from taking a diet low in fiber and water.
Having a lot of weight puts pressure on the smooth muscles and blood vessels of the rectum and anus. The problem is a lot worse when a person has extra fat around the abdominal region. It puts undue pressure on the blood vessels and causes the development of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids are very common among pregnant women because the baby weight puts pressure on blood vessels in the lower regions of the body. It often happens in the third trimester of pregnancy as the baby gets much heavier.
Hormonal changes in pregnancy also lead to an abnormal swelling of blood vessels and weakening of the supporting muscles of the rectum and anus.
The incidence of hemorrhoids is common among people between the ages of 45 and 65. In fact, a study revealed that by time people in the U.S. are 50, 50% of them will have experienced some symptoms of hemorrhoids. The reason for this is that the connective tissue between the anus and rectum weakens with age and so any kind of pressure could lead to the swelling of blood vessels.
Sitting for Too Long in the Toilet
Sitting on the toilet too long because of constipation, diarrhea, or maybe because you enjoy sitting there can lead to hemorrhoids. This is because your blood vessels are stretched in the process so they begin to bulge and dilate.
If you have family members that suffer from hemorrhoids, you may also develop them due to hereditary factors.
Do Hemorrhoids Go Away on Their Own?
When you have small hemorrhoids, they may disappear on their own in a few days without undergoing any treatment. Hemorrhoids that develop during pregnancy go away after giving birth without treatment.
However, hemorrhoids that cause severe discomfort and pain like prolapsed hemorrhoids require medical attention. The doctor carries out medical procedures to eliminate the hemorrhoids, push them back to their original position, or shrink them in size. You can also use over-the-counter creams or ointments to reduce the itchiness and swelling of hemorrhoids.
How to Cure Hemorrhoids at Home Fast
Using home remedies is one of the best ways on to make hemorrhoids go away. It involves lifestyle changes and the use of natural ingredients that are readily available. They help in relieving the symptoms of hemorrhoids such as itching, pain, and swelling. Some of the home remedies that you can try include:
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Coconut oil is famous for its moisturizing effects that will help in soothing the irritation and swelling caused by hemorrhoids. It will also help take away the urge scratch yourself and cause further irritation.
Aloe vera gel has anti-inflammatory effects that will help relieve swellings and irritations. It has tannins which will shrink distended blood vessels. It also helps to speed up the healing process of wounds caused by scratching. Aloe vera is more effective if it’s pure so extract the gel from a fresh leaf and apply it directly on the hemorrhoids.
Warm water is very good at soothing the irritation of hemorrhoids. It also facilitates the healing process, improves blood circulation, and cleans your anus; all of which reduce the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
You can either soak in a bath tub of warm water or fit a sitz bath over your toilet and sit on it. Do this for 15 minutes every day for a week and you’ll notice a marked improvement.
Compressing an ice pack directly on the hemorrhoid will temporarily reduce swelling and irritation. This should be done for 15 minutes every hour until the swelling goes down. Remember not to expose your anus to ice without a towel or cloth around it to avoid cold burns.
Witch hazel has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties so it will be effective in reducing itchiness, swelling, pain, and bleeding. It also reduces bruising. You can use witch hazel by putting a small amount on a cotton ball and applying it directly on your hemorrhoids. However, avoid it or dilute it if it causes you irritation.
The tannic acid in tea helps to ease pain, reduce swelling, and improve clotting to stop the bleeding of hemorrhoids. Get the tea bag wet and warm and place it on the hemorrhoids.
Eat More Fiber
Straining during bowel movements is one the most common causes of hemorrhoids. Eating a diet with plenty of fiber will soften and add bulk to your stool so you don’t have to struggle in the toilet. Water will also soften stool further so drink plenty of it.
Avoid Sitting for Too Long
Whether it’s on the toilet or in your office, you should avoid sitting for too long and putting pressure on your hemorrhoids. Take a short walk every once in a while to relieve that pressure.
Another way of relieving pressure off the hemorrhoids is by lying down. You should do it with your legs slightly elevated so that circulation of blood improves. Pregnant women should sleep on their side to take the pressure off the lower regions of the body.
Petroleum jelly like Vaseline soothes the irritation on hemorrhoids. Dab a little on the painful areas for relief.
Go to the Toilet
Holding in your stool when you feel the urge to go hardens it. This makes it difficult for you to pass stool later so you strain and make hemorrhoids worse. As soon as you feel the need to go, train yourself to promptly go to the toilet.